Naming of Haloalkanes
Naming of haloalkanes follows the exact same general guidelines that were introduced earlier in this chapter. Just as before, choose the longest chain of uninterrupted carbon atoms as the parent chain. Now however, it is important to give preference to choosing parent chain with the halogen on it. For example, if you are asked about the naming of the following haloalkane, you might have difficulty deciding the parent chain.
Halogens have higher priority in naming than alkanes. Therefore, we must give preference to halogens in naming of haloalkanes and ensure they are located off the parent chain.
When halogens are substituents, use the following terms for their nomenclature:
Here are a few other haloalkanes with their names indicated.